This audiobook argues for a society organized by voluntary cooperation under institutions of private property and exchange, with little, ultimately no, government. It describes how the most fundamental functions of government might be replaced by private institutions, with services such as protecting individual rights and settling disputes provided by private firms in a competitive market. It goes on to use the tools of economic analysis to attempt to show how such institutions could be expected to work, what sort of legal rules they would generate, and under what circumstances they would or would not be stable. The approach is consequentialist.The claim is that such a society would produce more attractive outcomes, judged by widely shared values, than alternatives, including the current institutions of the US and similar societies. The second edition contained four sections; this third edition adds two more. One explores in greater depth some of the ideas already raised, including discussions of decentralized law enforcement in past legal systems, of rights seen not as a moral or legal category but as a description of human behavior, of a possible threat to the stability of the system not considered in the previous editions, and of ways in which a stateless society might defend itself from aggressive states. The final section introduces a number of new topics, including unschooling, the misuse of externality arguments in contexts such as population or global warming, and the implications of public key encryption and related online technologies. Please note: When you purchase this title, the accompanying PDF will be available in your Audible Library along with the audio. 1. Language: English. Narrator: David Friedman. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/148167/bk_acx0_148167_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Born in 1983 in former Yugoslavia, Srecko Horvat is a European philosopher without stable address. He is traveling across continents giving lectures, visiting refugee camps and protests, advocating radical democracy as one of the founders and figureheads of the Democracy in Europe Movement 2025 (DiEM25). He is the author of numerous books, including The Radicality of Love, What Does Europe Want (co-authored with Slavoj ¿i¿ek) and Subversion!
As contrary as it sounds, ´´planning´´ - as we traditionally understand the term - can be the worst thing a company can do. Consider that volatile weather events disrupt trusted supply chains, markets, and promised delivery schedules. Ever-shifting geopolitical tensions as well as internal political upheaval within US and global governments derail long-planned new ventures. Technology failures block opportunities. Competitors suddenly change their products or release dates; your team cannot meet the pace of innovations in your market niche, leaving you sidelined. There are myriad ways in the current business environment for a company´s well-considered business plans to go awry. Most business schools continue to prepare managers to be effective in stable and predictable environments, conditions that, if they ever existed at all, are long gone. The Agility Shift shows business leaders exactly how to make the radical mind-set and strategy shift necessary to create an agile, entrepreneurial organization that can innovate and thrive in complex, ever-changing contexts. As author Pamela Meyer explains, there is much more involved than a reconfiguration of the org chart and job descriptions. It requires relinquishing the illusion of control at the very foundation of most management training and business practice. Despite most leaders´ approaches, ´´Agility is not simply accelerated planning.´´ Unlike many agility books on the market, The Agility Shift provides specific, actionable strategies and tactics for leaders at all levels of the organization to put into practice immediately to improve agility and achieve results. PLEASE NOTE: When you purchase this title, the accompanying reference material will be available in your Library section along with the audio. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Karen Saltus. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/gdan/001798/bk_gdan_001798_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Mitochondrial DNA is constantly exposed to, and damaged by oxygen radicals generated by Electron Transport Chain. This damage can lead to a loss of genetic information about key proteins in the ETC. What may follow is a dysfunction in cellular energy production and cell death, unless it is repaired. An efficient DNA repair mechanism in mitochondria keeps the amount of damage at an acceptably low level. The research in this book explores the ways to modulate the efficiency of mtDNA repair and evaluates its contribution to the overall cell survival. Introduction of Exonuclease III from E.coli into human mitochondria, either through stable transfection, or by protein transduction leads to a disruption of an efficient mtDNA repair and renders cells more sensitive to the oxidative stress. Modulation of mtDNA repair in this way can be a potentially useful treatment strategy for pathological conditions were a destruction of abnormal cells is a desired outcome, as in anticancer therapy. This work may be of interest to students or professionals working in the field of mtDNA repair.
Of all the great world religions, Islam appears to have the most powerful political appeal in the twentieth century. It sustains some severely traditional and conservative regimes, but it is also capable of generating intense revolutionary ardour and of blending with extreme social radicalism. As an agent of political mobilisation, it seems to be overtaking Marxism, arid surpassing all other religions. The present book seeks the roots of this situation in the past. The traditional Muslim society of the arid zone has, in the past, displayed remarkable stability and homogeneity, despite great political fragmentation, and the absence of a centralised religious hierarchy. The book explores the mechanisms which have contributed to this result - a civilisation in which (in the main) weak states co-existed with a strong culture, which had a powerful hold over the populations under its sway. A literate Great Tradition, in the keeping of urban scholars, lived side by side with a more emotive, ecstatic folk tradition, ill tile keeping of holy lineages, religious brotherhoods and freelance saints. One tradition was sustained by the urban trading class and periodically swept the rest of the society in waves of revivalist enthusiasm; the other was based on the multiple functions it performed in rural tribal society and amongst the urban poor. The two traditions were intertwined, yet remained in latent tension which from time to time came to tile surface. The book traces the manner in which the impact of the modern world, acting through colonialism arid industrialisation upset the once stable balance, and helped the erstwhile urban Great Tradition to become the pervasive arid dominant one, culminating in the zealous arid radical Islam which is so prominent now. The argument is both formulated in the abstract and illustrated by a series of case studies and examinations of specific aspects, and critical examinations of rival interpretations. Table of contents: Preface; Acknowledgements; 1. Flux and reflux in the faith of men; 2. Cohesion and identity: the Maghreb from Ibn Khaldun to Emile Durkheim; 3. Post-traditional forms in Islam: the turf and trade, and votes and peanuts; 4. Doctor and saint; 5. Sanctity, puritanism, secularisation and nationalism in North Africa: a case study; 6. The unknown Apollo of Biskra: the social base of Algerian puritanism; 7. Trousers in Tunisia; 8. The sociology of Robert Montagne (1893-1954); 9. Patterns of rural rebellion in Morocco during the early years of independence; 10. Saints and their descendants; 11. The marabouts in the market place; 12. Rulers and tribesmen; Notes; Bibliography of Ernest Gellner´s North African writings; Index. Of all the world religions, Islam appears to have the most powerful political appeal in the twentieth century. This book seeks the roots of this situation in the past and explores the mechanisms which have contributed to the civilisation in which (in the main) weak states co-existed with a strong culture, which had a powerful hold over the populations under its sway.
For decades, American foreign policy has been based on the seductive belief that there exists a logical relationship between power of states and the physics of change. And yet today policies designed to make us safer instead make the world more perilous. History´s grandest war against terrorism creates more terrorists. Global capitalism, intended to boost the quality of life of people around the world, increases the gap between rich and poor. Decisions taken to stem a financial crisis guarantee its arrival. Environmental techniques engineered to protect species lead to their extinction. Middle East peace plans produce less peace. Our world is not becoming more stable or flatter or easier to comprehend. And what we face isn´t one single shift, like the end of World War Two or the collapse of the Soviet Union, so much as a revolutionary avalanche of ceaseless change. Now, drawing upon history, economics, complexity theory, human immunology, psychology and his own extraordinary experiences, Joshua Ramo puts forth a radical new model for looking at the world, one that embraces its inherent unpredictability--and offers our best hope for dealing with problems and disasters as they emerge. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Joshua Cooper Ramo. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/hach/000237/bk_hach_000237_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Speak softly and carry a big stick, Theodore Roosevelt famously said in 1901 when the United States was emerging as a great power. It was the right sentiment, perhaps, in an age of imperial rivalry. But today many Americans doubt the utility of their global military presence, thinking it outdated, unnecessary, or even dangerous. In The Big Stick, Eliot A. Cohen - a scholar and practitioner of international relations - disagrees. He argues that hard power remains essential for American foreign policy. While acknowledging that the United States must be careful about why, when, and how it uses force, he insists that its international role is as critical as ever, and armed force is vital to that role. Cohen explains that American leaders must learn to use hard power in new ways and for new circumstances. The rise of a well-armed China, Russia´s conquest of Crimea and Eastern Ukraine, nuclear threats from North Korea and Iran, and the spread of radical Islamist movements like ISIS are some of the key threats to global peace. If the United States relinquishes its position as a strong but prudent military power and fails to accept its role as the guardian of a stable world order, we run the risk of unleashing disorder, violence, and tyranny on a scale not seen since the 1930s. The United States is still, as Madeleine Albright once dubbed it, ´´the indispensable nation´´. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Bill Thatcher. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/blak/009582/bk_blak_009582_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.