Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2017 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Thema: Frieden und Konflikte, Sicherheit, Note: 1,0, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (GSI), Veranstaltung: Populist Parties and Anti-Establishment Politics across Europe, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: It will be the aim of this written assignment to work out the reasons for the changed political landscape in Sweden, namely the success of the Sverigedemokraterna (SD) and to show, how welfare chauvinism as strategy of the SD helped to establish this radical right-wing party as electable alternative to the established parties. This will be the question, this work will answer: Does the SD owe their electoral success to the introduction of a social agenda, based on the concept of folkhem (the peoples home or Volksheim) to use welfare chauvinism to reach a broader electorate? To answer this question, first, there will be an examination of the concepts of populism, radical right-wing populism, welfare chauvinism and a short description of the SD in Sweden. Then, several possible reasons for the electoral success of the SD will be checked, namely the financial crisis of 2008 and its social impacts, the new social narrative of the SD, focusing the concept of welfare chauvinism, anti-establishment discourses in Sweden and the salience of sociocultural elements like immigration, islamophobia and xenophobia. After this, the results will get concluded and added with a short outlook to further research. In the political science debates dealing with populism, the question of the rise of the right-wing populism is linked with the question whether this is owed the failure of conservative parties or the social democracy in Europe. Due to the thesis of this work, that welfare chauvinism is the main reason for the success of the SD in Sweden, it will focus more the failure of the Sveriges socialdemokratiska arbetareparti (SAP) to maintain its traditional core electorate, which led to the raise of the SD. The social relevance of this work lies on its dealing with the question of why radical right-wing populism is arising even in established and economically stable democratic welfare-states and how established parties has to deal with this.
Applications of MO Theory in Organic Chemistry is a documentation of the proceedings of the First Theoretical Organic Chemistry meeting. This text is divided into five sections. Section A contains contributions ranging from the stereochemistry of stable molecules, radicals, and molecular ions, through hydrogen bonding and ion solvation to mathematical analyses of energy hypersurfaces. Section B deals with theoretical studies of organic reactions, including basecatalyzed hydrolysis, protonation, epoxidation, and electrophilic addition to double and triple bonds. Section C consists of topics starting with a qualitative configuration interaction treatment of thermal and photochemical organic reactions, followed by ab initio treatments of photochemical intermediates and a consideration of the role of Rydberg and valence-shell states in photochemistry. Section D provides analyses of methods for the determination and characterization of localized MO and discussions of correlated electron pair functions. Section E covers a very wide range from the application of statistical physics to the treatment of molecular interactions with their environments to a challenge to theoretical organic chemists in the field of natural products, and an introduction to information theory in organic chemistry. This book is a good source of information for students and researchers conducting study on the many areas in theoretical organic chemistry.
This book presents an in-depth study into the utility of ?-bond metathesis in Group 2 mediated reactivity. A comprehensive introduction defines the state of the art in both Group 2 mediated catalysis and dehydrocoupling. Structural investigations giving rise to a range of mixed s-block metal hydrides including a remarkable dodecabimetallic decahydride are then described. Subsequent extensive mechanistic work focussing on both silicon-nitrogen and boron-nitrogen dehydrocoupling gives insights into both congeneric effects down Group 2 and ligand effects centring upon magnesium. These studies show the striking effects of these factors, as well as the electronic nature of the hydridic coupling partner. Finally, the unprecedented introduction of single-electron transfer steps into Group 2 catalytic manifolds is described. The use of the stable radical TEMPO to induce single-electron transfer to substituents bound to Group 2 centres coupled with ?-bond metathesis allows a novel hydrogen release from silanes. David received his first degree (MChem (Hons)) in Chemistry with Industrial Training) in 2011 from the University of Bath, Bath, UK. David remained at Bath to subsequently work on Group 2 chemistry in the laboratory of Professor Michael Hill and was awarded his PhD for this work in 2014. David then undertook a short postdoctoral appointment focussing on novel oligo- and polystannanes collaborating between Bath and Professor Roland Fischer at TU Graz, Austria. In 2015, David took up a Lindemann Postdoctoral Fellowship researching p-block mediated small molecule activation in the laboratory of Professor Philip Power at UC Davis, USA.
As contrary as it sounds, ´´planning´´ - as we traditionally understand the term - can be the worst thing a company can do. Consider that volatile weather events disrupt trusted supply chains, markets, and promised delivery schedules. Ever-shifting geopolitical tensions as well as internal political upheaval within US and global governments derail long-planned new ventures. Technology failures block opportunities. Competitors suddenly change their products or release dates; your team cannot meet the pace of innovations in your market niche, leaving you sidelined. There are myriad ways in the current business environment for a company´s well-considered business plans to go awry. Most business schools continue to prepare managers to be effective in stable and predictable environments, conditions that, if they ever existed at all, are long gone. The Agility Shift shows business leaders exactly how to make the radical mind-set and strategy shift necessary to create an agile, entrepreneurial organization that can innovate and thrive in complex, ever-changing contexts. As author Pamela Meyer explains, there is much more involved than a reconfiguration of the org chart and job descriptions. It requires relinquishing the illusion of control at the very foundation of most management training and business practice. Despite most leaders´ approaches, ´´Agility is not simply accelerated planning.´´ Unlike many agility books on the market, The Agility Shift provides specific, actionable strategies and tactics for leaders at all levels of the organization to put into practice immediately to improve agility and achieve results. PLEASE NOTE: When you purchase this title, the accompanying reference material will be available in your Library section along with the audio. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Karen Saltus. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/gdan/001798de/bk_rhde_002536_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
"Speak softly and carry a big stick"; Theodore Roosevelt famously said in 1901 when the United States was emerging as a great power. It was the right sentiment, perhaps, in an age of imperial rivalry. But today many Americans doubt the utility of their global military presence, thinking it outdated, unnecessary, or even dangerous. In The Big Stick, Eliot A. Cohen - a scholar and practitioner of international relations - disagrees. He argues that hard power remains essential for American foreign policy. While acknowledging that the United States must be careful about why, when, and how it uses force, he insists that its international role is as critical as ever, and armed force is vital to that role. Cohen explains that American leaders must learn to use hard power in new ways and for new circumstances. The rise of a well-armed China, Russia´s conquest of Crimea and Eastern Ukraine, nuclear threats from North Korea and Iran, and the spread of radical Islamist movements like ISIS are some of the key threats to global peace. If the United States relinquishes its position as a strong but prudent military power and fails to accept its role as the guardian of a stable world order, we run the risk of unleashing disorder, violence, and tyranny on a scale not seen since the 1930s. The United States is still, as Madeleine Albright once dubbed it, "the indispensable nation". 1. Language: English. Narrator: Bill Thatcher. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/blak/009582de/bk_rhde_002536_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
For decades, American foreign policy has been based on the seductive belief that there exists a logical relationship between power of states and the physics of change. And yet today policies designed to make us safer instead make the world more perilous. History´s grandest war against terrorism creates more terrorists. Global capitalism, intended to boost the quality of life of people around the world, increases the gap between rich and poor. Decisions taken to stem a financial crisis guarantee its arrival. Environmental techniques engineered to protect species lead to their extinction. Middle East peace plans produce less peace. Our world is not becoming more stable or flatter or easier to comprehend. And what we face isn´t one single shift, like the end of World War Two or the collapse of the Soviet Union, so much as a revolutionary avalanche of ceaseless change. Now, drawing upon history, economics, complexity theory, human immunology, psychology and his own extraordinary experiences, Joshua Ramo puts forth a radical new model for looking at the world, one that embraces its inherent unpredictability--and offers our best hope for dealing with problems and disasters as they emerge. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Joshua Cooper Ramo. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/hach/000237de/bk_rhde_002536_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Prevent and Reverse Type 2 Diabetes No Drugs or Medicine Needed Including the Diet Cheat Sheet The must-read summary of The End of Diabetes: The Eat to Live Plan to Prevent and Reverse Diabetes, by Joel Fuhrman, M.D. This complete summary of Dr. Fuhrmans book summarizes the key concepts of Dr. Fuhrmans Eat to Live Plan to prevent and reverse diabetes. It also includes a diet cheat sheet which is a concise summary of the dietary principles, including (a) general guidelines, (b) foods to eat daily, (c) foods to eat in moderation, and (d) foods to avoid. Dr. Fuhrmans Eat to Live Plan to prevent and reverse diabetes has been tested by thousands of individuals with extraordinary results. If you take it seriously and follow the advice, youll see radical improvements in your health. For Type 2 diabetes, the program delivers: No more highs and lows in blood sugar Less insulin; the dosage is cut by half in the first week and totally eliminated within three to six months Healthy, lean, and stable body weight Normal life span, without complications Reversal of diabetes and diabetes-related complications For Type 1 diabetes, the program delivers: No more highs and lows in blood sugar Less insulin; typically, the dosage is cut by half Healthy, lean, and stable body weight Normal lifespan, without complications. This guide includes: Book Summary -The summary helps you understand the key ideas and recommendations. Online Videos -On-demand replay of public lectures, and seminars on the topics covered in the chapter. Diet Cheat Sheet -A concise summary of the dietary principles, including (a) general guidelines, (b) foods to eat daily, (c) foods to eat in moderation, and (d) foods to avoid. Value-added of this guide: Save time Understand key concepts Expand your knowledge If you want to end Diabetes, read and apply what you learn in this book.
Examines the important topic of fuel cell science by way of combining membrane design, chemical degradation mechanisms, and stabilization strategies This book describes the mechanism of membrane degradation and stabilization, as well as the search for stable membranes that can be used in alkaline fuel cells. Arranged in ten chapters, the book presents detailed studies that can help readers understand the attack and degradation mechanisms of polymer membranes and mitigation strategies. Coverage starts from fundamentals and moves to different fuel cell membrane types and methods to profile and analyze them. The Chemistry of Membranes Used in Fuel Cells: Degradation and Stabilization features chapters on: Fuel Cell Fundamentals: The Evolution of Fuel Cells and their Components; Degradation Mechanism of Perfluorinated Membranes; Ranking the Stability of Perfluorinated Membranes Used in Fuel Cells to Attack by Hydroxyl Radicals; Stabilization Mechanism of Perfluorinated Membranes by Ce(III) and Mn(II); Hydrocarbon Proton Exchange Membranes; Stabilization of Perfluorinated Membranes Using Nanoparticle Additives; Degradation Mechanism in Aquivion Perfluorinated Membranes and Stabilization Strategies; Anion Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Synthesis and Stability; In-depth Profiling of Degradation Processes in Nafion Due to Pt Dissolution and Migration into the Membrane; and Quantum Mechanical Calculations of the Degradation Mechanism in Perfluorinated Membranes. Brings together aspects of membrane design, chemical degradation mechanisms and stabilization strategies Emphasizes chemistry of fuel cells, which is underemphasized in other books Includes discussion of fuel cell performance and behavior, analytical profiling methods, and quantum mechanical calculations The Chemistry of Membranes Used in Fuel Cells is an ideal book for polymer scientists, chemists, chemical engineers, electrochemists, material scientists, energy and electrical engineers, and physicists. It is also important for grad students studying advanced polymers and applications. Shulamith Schlick, DSc, is a Professor of Physical and Polymer Chemistry in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Detroit Mercy. One of the foremost authorities in the field of polymer research, Dr. Schlick has held visiting professorships and appointments worldwide. Among her publications is the book Advanced ESR Methods in Polymer Research, published by Wiley in 2006.